Directions: The following bar graph shows the  income and Expenditures (in million US $) of five companies in the year 2011. The percent profit or loss of a company is given by

Income and Expenditure (in million US $) of given companies in the year 2011

Percentage profit/loss =  Income – Expenditure  × 100%
Expenditure


1
The companies M and N together had a percentage profit/loss of 
» Explain it
D
Total income of companies M and N together = $ (35 + 50) = $ 85 US million
 
Total expenditure of companies M and N together = $ (35 + 50) = $ 85 US million 
 
Thus, there was neither loss nor profit for companies M and N together.

Hence, option D is correct.
 
2
In 2011, what was the approximate percentage of profit/loss of all the five companies taken together?
» Explain it
A
Total income of all five companies = $ (35 + 50 + 40 + 40 + 50) US million = $ 215 US million

Total expenditure of all five companies = $ (45 + 40 + 45 + 30 + 45) US million = $ 205 US million

∴    Profit % =  215 – 205  × 100
205

= 4.88% ≈ 5%

Hence, option A is correct.

3
Which company earned the maximum percentage profit in the year 2011?
» Explain it
D
For Q

40 – 30  × 100
30

= 33.33% i.e. 33.3% profit

Hence, option D is correct.

4
For company R, if the expenditure had increased by 20% in year 2011 from year 2010 and the company has earned profit of 10% in 2010, what was the company’s income in 2010 (in million US $)?
» Explain it
D
Let the expenditure of 2010 be x. then,

120% ≡ 45

100% ≡ x

By the cross multiplication, we get

x =  45 × 100  =  75  = 37.5
120 2

Let company income I with 10% profit. Then,

100% ≡ 37.5

110% ≡ I

By the cross multiplication, we get
I =  37.5 × 110  = 41.25
100

Hence, option D is correct.

5
If the income of company Q in 2011 was 10% more than its income in 2010 and the company had earned profit of 20% in 2010, then its expenditure in 2010 (in million US $) was
» Explain it
B
Let the income of 2010 be x, then

110% ≡ 40

100% ≡ x

By the cross multiplication, we get

x =  40 × 100  =  400  = 36.36
110 11

Now, company earned 20% profit on 36.36

So, 120% ≡ 36.36

100% ≡ x

x =  36.36 × 100  = 30.30
120

Hence, option B is correct.


Smartkeeda.com helps exam aspirants understand Data Interpretation (DI) sets on solving them with the help of relevant examples. This is the most important chapter of arithmetic section of Quantitative Aptitude. Here on this page, you will get to know about Data Interpretation questions with solutions for Bank PO Exams and SSC Exams, one of the important chapters of Quantitative Aptitude with all the short tricks of Data Interpretation pie chart question and answer, tricks to solve line chart, bar chart, mixed chart, information chart, radar chart, web chart, table chart, set theory  and pie chart, Less time taking approaches to solve Data Interpretation sets, tricks to solve data analysis questions and answers problems, Data Interpretation formulas, Important quantitative aptitude DI tricks video, wherever applied.

In Build your concept part you get all types of Data Interpretation formulas and tips on how to solve Data Interpretation questions quickly without using a pen or paper. The section consists of Data Interpretation tricks and tips or fundamentals related to this very important chapter of Quantitative Aptitude. Plus, you get all the Data Interpretation shortcuts with complete explanations and video solutions for specific exams like SSC CGL Tier 1, SSC CGL Tier 2, CDSE, CLAT, MAT, SSC LDC, SSC MTS, SSC DEO, SSC Stenographer, LIC AAO, NICL, Railways, SBI Clerk Pre, IBPS Clerk Pre, SBI PO Pre, IBPS PO Pre, IBPS RRB Office Assistant Pre, IBPS RRB Officer Scale 1 Pre.

At Smartkeeda, with the right online education resources, students can not only study online, but can even appear for online Mock tests to test their skills online. Online sample papers including all the topics including Quantitative aptitude, Reasoning aptitude, General Awareness and English is available for exams like SBI Clerk Pre, SBI Clerk Mains, IBPS Clerk Pre, IBPS Clerk Mains, SBI PO Pre, SBI PO Main, IBPS PO Pre, IBPS PO Mains, SSC CGL Tier 1, CDSE, CLAT, MAT, SSC LDC, SSC MTS, SSC DEO, SSC Stenographer, LIC AAO, NICL, Railways, IBPS RRB Office Assistant Pre, IBPS RRB Office Assistant Mains, IBPS RRB Officer Scale 1 Pre, IBPS RRB Officer Scale 1 Mains, SBI SO, and IBPS SO.

Link to Testzone, the test series platform: https://testzone.smartkeeda.com/