Directions: Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below.

Following bar diagram shows the percentage profit of the five companies A, B, C, D and E during the years 2006, 2007 and 2008, respectively.
 
Percentage profit of five companies A, B, C, D and E

1
If the profit of the company A in the year 2006 was Rs. 20 lakh, then what was the profit of company A in the year 2008?
» Explain it
D
Since, we have information regarding per cent increase or decrease in the profits during the period 2006 to 2008, we can't answer the question given.

Note: Profit in a particular year depends on revenue earned and expnditure occurred in that specific year. Without these pieces of information we can't really find the profit in numeric terms for a particular year.

Hence, option D is correct.
 
2
If the ratio of expenditure of company C in the year 2006, 2007 and 2008 was 2 : 3 : 4, what was the ratio of profits during three years?
» Explain it
B
We have, profit

per cent profit × Expenditure  
100

Therefore, by using the this formula, the reqd ratio of profits 

2 × 30  :  3 × 20  :  4 × 10
100 100 100

= 6 : 6 : 4 = 3 : 3 : 2

Hence, option B is correct.

3
For which company total profit obtained in the year 2008 was highest?
» Explain it
D
We have no information regarding the total profits of different companies in the year 2008, Hence, the question can't be answered. 

Hence, option D is correct.
 
4
If the profits of the company E in the years 2006, 2007 and 2008 were equal, what was the ratio of expenditures in those years?
» Explain it
C
Suppose, the expenditures of the company E in the years 2006, 2007 and 2008 are E6, E7 and E8 respectively, then

18% of E6 = 16% of E7 = 12% of E8

E6 : E7 : E8 1  :  1  :  1
18 16 12

E6 : E7 : E8 = 8 : 9 : 12

Hence, option C is correct.

5
The average per cent profit during the three years was the highest for which of the following companies?
» Explain it
A
It is obvious from the given bar chart that total per cent profit during the three years in maximum for company A and therefore its average is maximum.

Hence, option A is correct.
 

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