Directions: Study the following bar charts carefully and answer the questions given beside.
 
The bar graphs given below show the gender-wise deaths (in thousands) in five countries for the year 2016 and 2017.
 
Death in 2016 (in thousand) 
 


Death in 2017 (in thousand)

1
In how many countries was the number of deaths in 2016 less than that in 2017?
» Explain it
C
In 2016,
 
Number of deaths in India = 2968 + 2845 = 5813
 
Number of deaths in USA = 2154 + 2286 = 4440
 
Number of deaths in China = 3210 + 3125 = 6335
 
Number of deaths in Pakistan = 2865 + 2860 = 5725
 
Number of deaths in Japan = 542 + 815 = 1357
 
In 2017, 
 
Number of deaths in India = 2457 + 2568 = 5025
 
Number of deaths in USA = 2243 + 2685 = 4928
 
Number of deaths in China = 3425 + 3240 = 6665
 
Number of deaths in Pakistan = 3025 + 3145 = 6170
 
Number of deaths in Japan = 423 + 625 = 1048
 
Required answer = USA, China, Pakistan 
 
Hence, option C is correct.
 
2
By what percent was the total number of female deaths in the five countries put together in 2016 was more/less than that in 2017? (approximately)
» Explain it
C
Total number of female deaths in the five countries put together in 2016 = 11751

Total number of female deaths in the five countries in 2017 = 12263

Reqd. % =  (12263 – 11751) × 100  =  512 × 100  = 4.17%
12263 12263

Hence, option C is correct.

3
What is the absolute difference (in thousands) between the total number of male deaths in the five countries put together in 2016 and 2017?
» Explain it
A
Total number of male deaths in the five countries put together in 2016 = 11739
 
Total number of male deaths in the five countries in 2017 = 11573
 
Required difference = 166
 
Hence, option A is correct.
 
4
The total number of deaths in Pakistan in 2017 is how much percent more than that of total number of deaths in Japan in 2016? (approximately)
» Explain it
D
The total number of deaths in Pakistan in 2017 = 3025 + 3145 = 6170

Total number of deaths in Japan in 2016 = 542 + 815 = 1357

Reqd. % =  (6170 – 1357) × 100  =  4813 × 100  = 354.68%
1357 1357

Hence, option D is correct.

5
By what percent was the total number of deaths in USA, China, and Japan put together in 2016 was more/less than that in 2017? (approximately)
» Explain it
E
In 2016,

Number of deaths in USA = 2154 + 2286 = 4440

Number of deaths in China = 3210 + 3125 = 6335

Number of deaths in Japan = 542 + 815 = 1357

Total = 12132

In 2017,

Number of deaths in USA = 2243 + 2685 = 4928

Number of deaths in China = 3425 + 3240 = 6665

Number of deaths in Japan = 423 + 625 = 1048

Total = 12641

Reqd. % =  (12641 – 12132) × 100  = 4.03% less
12641

Hence, option E is correct.