Directions: Study the following pie-charts carefully and answer the question below them

Total GDP = 60 billion

Important for :
1
What is the ratio of the expenditure on Pension payment to that on Food subsidy?
» Explain it
C
Ratio of the expenditure on Pension payment to that on Food subsidy = 8% of 60 billion : 6% of 60 billion = 8 : 6 = 4 : 3.

Hence, option C is correct.

2
What is the total sum of expenditure on Pension payment, Defence and Food subsidy together?
» Explain it
B
Required expenditure = (8 + 24 + 6)% of 60 billion

 =  38% of 60 billion = 38 × 60 billion = 22.8 billion 100

Hence, option B is correct.

3
What is difference between the expenditure on infrastructure development and that on Other non-planned expenses?
» Explain it
D
Required difference = (15 – 10)% of 60 billion = 5% of 60 billion

 = 5 × 60 = 3 billion. 100

Hence, option D is correct.

4
If the expenditure on Defence is decreased by 7%, what will be the expenditure on it after decrease?
» Explain it
B
Expenditure before decrease = 24% of 60 billion = 14.4 billion

Now, 7% of 14.4 billion = Rs 1.08 billion

∴     Present expenditure on Defence = Rs (14.4 – 1.08) billion = 13.392 billion.

Hence, option B is correct.

5
Which of the following is definitely true?
» Explain it
C
Check the option one by one,

A. The ratio of Food subsidy to that on Petroleum subsidy is = 6 : 18 = 1 : 3.

Hence, option A is not true.

B. Expenditure on Manrega = 7% of 60 billion = Rs 4.2 billion.

C. ∴    Difference = (8 – 7)% of 60 billion = 1% of 60 billion = Rs 0.6 billion = Rs 600 million.

Hence, option C is correct.

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