Directions : Study the following table chart carefully and answer the questions given beside.
 
The table shows the Ratio of the Marked price and cost price of the items and the discount % and the profit earned by Mohit. Some data is missing.

Items Marked price : Cost price Discount % Profit (Rs)
Gulab Jamun 25 : 18 - 63
Rasgulla - 8% 48
Ras Malai - 20% -
Kajju Katli 6 : 5 - -
Laddu 25 : 18 - 45
1
Cost price of Ras Malai is as same as the cost price of Rasgulla. The marked price of Rasgulla is 25% more than the cost price. Find the profit earned by Mohit after selling the Ras Malai if the marked price of Ras Malai is 56.25% more than the cost price of Ras Malai.
» Explain it
B
Let the cost price of Rasgulla = Rs x, Marked price = Rs 1.25x
 
1.25x × 92% = x + 48
 
1.15x – x = 48
 
0.15x = 48
 
x = 320
 
Cost price of Ras Malai = Rs 320
 
Marked price of Ras Malai = 320 × 156.25 = Rs 500
 
Selling price = 500 × 80% = Rs 400
 
Profit = 400 – 320 = Rs 80
 
hence, option B is correct.
2
If the difference between the cost price and the marked price of Kajju Katli is Rs 100 and profit earned by Mohit is Rs 70. Find the ratio of the discount % and profit %.
» Explain it
A
Let the cost price of Kaju Katli = 5x, Marked price of Kaju Katli = 6x

M.P. – C.P. = 100

6x – 5x = 100

x = 100

Cost price = Rs 500, Marked price = Rs 600

Profit = Rs 70
Profit % =  70   × 100 = 14%
500

Discount = 600 – (500 + 70)

= 600 – 570 = Rs 30

Discount % =  30  × 100 = 5%
600

Ratio = 5% : 14%

= 5 : 14

Hence, option A is correct.
3
The discount given by Mohit is Rs 40 less than the profit earned by Mohit on Kajju Katli. If the Marked price of Kajju Katli is Rs 600, find the discount %.
» Explain it
A
Marked price of Kajju Katli = Rs 600, cost price of Kajju Katli = Rs 500

Let profit = Rs x, Discount = Rs (x – 40)

500 + x = 600 – (x – 40)

500 + x = 600 – x + 40

x + x = 640 – 500

2x = 140

x = 70

Discount = 70 – 40 = Rs 30

Discount % = 30  × 100 = 5%
600

Hence, option A is correct.
4
If the Discount given by Mohit on Gulab Jamun is Rs 35, find the difference between the discount % and profit% given by Mohit on Gulab Jamun.
» Explain it
C
Let the cost price = Rs 18x, Marked price = 25x

25x – 35 = 18x + 63

25x – 18x = 63 + 35

7x = 98

x = 14

cost price = Rs 252, Marked price = Rs 350

Profit % =  63  × 100 = 25%
252

Discount % = 35 × 100 = 10%
350

Difference = 25% – 10% = 15%

Hence, option C is correct.
5
With the help of information given in previous questions, find the average profit earned by mohit on selling all the sweets.
» Explain it
E
Profit on Gulab Jamun = Rs 63

Profit on Rasgulla = Rs 48

Profit on Ras Malai = Rs 80

Profit on kajju Katli = Rs 70

Profit on Laddu = Rs 45

Average profit =  (63 + 48 + 80 + 70 + 45)
5

306  = Rs. 61.2
5

Hence, option E is correct.