Directions: Study the following information carefully and choose the right answer the question given beside.
 
Vicky, Sonu, Nupur, Kumar, Vikas, Nonu, Ela and Kusum are sitting around a circular table but not necessarily in the same order. Not all are facing the centre. Immediate neighbours facing the same direction means if one neighbour faces the centre then the other neighbour also faces the centre and if one neighbour faces outward then the other neighbour also faces outward. Immediate neighbour faces the opposite direction means if one neighbour faces the centre then the other neighbour faces outward and vice versa.

Vicky sits third to the right of Vikas. Vicky is not an immediate neighbour of either Ela or Sonu.
Kumar and Vicky face the direction same as that of Vikas.
Only one person sits between Sonu and Nonu. Kusum sits third to the right of Nonu.
Kumar sits on the immediate right of Kusum. Kusum faces outward.
Nupur sits second to the left of Ela. Ela is not an immediate neighbour of Nonu.
Nupur faces a direction opposite that of Nonu. The immediate neighbours of Nupur face opposite direction.
1
Four of the following five are alike in a certain way based on the directions they are forming and so form a group. Which is the one that does not belong to that group?
» Explain it
E
Observing the final seating arrangement we can say that in Option E Nonu and Vikas are facing in opposit direction, while in all other options first person facing the same direction in which second person facing.

Hence, the correct answer is option E.
 

Common Explanation:

References:
Kusum sits third to the right of Nonu.
Kumar sits on the immediate right of Kusum.
Kusum faces outward.
Only one person sits between Sonu and Nonu.
Ela is not an immediate neighbour of Nonu.


References:

Nupur sits second to the left of Ela. 
The immediate neighbours of Nupur face opposite direction.


We thus get two possible positions of Nupur with his/her neighbours as shown in Case I and Case II respectively.



References:
Vicky sits third to the right of Vikas. Vicky is not an immediate neighbour of either Ela or Sonu.
Kumar and Vicky face the direction same as that of Vikas.

 
Now the only two positions where we can place Vicky and Vikas is shown in Case I. In Case II, if we place Vikas to the left of Nupur with opposite direction to the second neighbour of Nupur, the condition 'Vicky sits third to the right of Vikas' doesn't get fulfilled. Case II thus gets eliminated.

Using the other pieces of information, we get the final chart as follows:
 


 
2
Who among the following sit exactly between Kusum and Nonu when counted from the right of Kusum?
» Explain it
D
Observing the final seating arrangement, we can say that Vicky and Kumar are sitting exactly between Kusum and Nonu when counted from the right of Kusum.
 
Hence, option D is correct.
 

Common Explanation:

References:
Kusum sits third to the right of Nonu.
Kumar sits on the immediate right of Kusum.
Kusum faces outward.
Only one person sits between Sonu and Nonu.
Ela is not an immediate neighbour of Nonu.


References:

Nupur sits second to the left of Ela. 
The immediate neighbours of Nupur face opposite direction.


We thus get two possible positions of Nupur with his/her neighbours as shown in Case I and Case II respectively.



References:
Vicky sits third to the right of Vikas. Vicky is not an immediate neighbour of either Ela or Sonu.
Kumar and Vicky face the direction same as that of Vikas.

 
Now the only two positions where we can place Vicky and Vikas is shown in Case I. In Case II, if we place Vikas to the left of Nupur with opposite direction to the second neighbour of Nupur, the condition 'Vicky sits third to the right of Vikas' doesn't get fulfilled. Case II thus gets eliminated.

Using the other pieces of information, we get the final chart as follows:
 


 
» Explain it
D
Observing the final seating arragement we can say that Nupur is sitting third to the left of Vikas.
 
Option D is hence the correct answer.

Common Explanation:

References:
Kusum sits third to the right of Nonu.
Kumar sits on the immediate right of Kusum.
Kusum faces outward.
Only one person sits between Sonu and Nonu.
Ela is not an immediate neighbour of Nonu.


References:

Nupur sits second to the left of Ela. 
The immediate neighbours of Nupur face opposite direction.


We thus get two possible positions of Nupur with his/her neighbours as shown in Case I and Case II respectively.



References:
Vicky sits third to the right of Vikas. Vicky is not an immediate neighbour of either Ela or Sonu.
Kumar and Vicky face the direction same as that of Vikas.

 
Now the only two positions where we can place Vicky and Vikas is shown in Case I. In Case II, if we place Vikas to the left of Nupur with opposite direction to the second neighbour of Nupur, the condition 'Vicky sits third to the right of Vikas' doesn't get fulfilled. Case II thus gets eliminated.

Using the other pieces of information, we get the final chart as follows:
 


 
4
Who amongst the following are immediate neighbours of Ela?
» Explain it
D
Observing the final seating arrangement, we can say that the immediate neighbours of Ela are Vikas and Sonu.
 
Option D is hence the correct answer.
 

Common Explanation:

References:
Kusum sits third to the right of Nonu.
Kumar sits on the immediate right of Kusum.
Kusum faces outward.
Only one person sits between Sonu and Nonu.
Ela is not an immediate neighbour of Nonu.


References:

Nupur sits second to the left of Ela. 
The immediate neighbours of Nupur face opposite direction.


We thus get two possible positions of Nupur with his/her neighbours as shown in Case I and Case II respectively.



References:
Vicky sits third to the right of Vikas. Vicky is not an immediate neighbour of either Ela or Sonu.
Kumar and Vicky face the direction same as that of Vikas.

 
Now the only two positions where we can place Vicky and Vikas is shown in Case I. In Case II, if we place Vikas to the left of Nupur with opposite direction to the second neighbour of Nupur, the condition 'Vicky sits third to the right of Vikas' doesn't get fulfilled. Case II thus gets eliminated.

Using the other pieces of information, we get the final chart as follows:
 


 
5
Which of the following persons is sitting fourth to right of Sonu?
» Explain it
B
Observing the final seating arrangement we can say that Kumar is sitting fourth to right of Sonu.
 
Option B is hence the correct answer.
 

Common Explanation:

References:

Kusum sits third to the right of Nonu.
Kumar sits on the immediate right of Kusum.
Kusum faces outward.
Only one person sits between Sonu and Nonu.
Ela is not an immediate neighbour of Nonu.


References:

Nupur sits second to the left of Ela. 
The immediate neighbours of Nupur face opposite direction.


We thus get two possible positions of Nupur with his/her neighbours as shown in Case I and Case II respectively.
 

 
References:
Vicky sits third to the right of Vikas. Vicky is not an immediate neighbour of either Ela or Sonu.
Kumar and Vicky face the direction same as that of Vikas.
 


 
Now the only two positions where we can place Vicky and Vikas is shown in Case I. In Case II, if we place Vikas to the left of Nupur with opposite direction to the second neighbour of Nupur, the condition 'Vicky sits third to the right of Vikas' doesn't get fulfilled. Case II thus gets eliminated.

Using the other pieces of information, we get the final chart as follows: