Reasoning Questions for LIC AAO 2019 | Seating Arrangement for LIC AAO 2019, SBI PO 2019 and IBPS PO 2019 Exams at Smartkeeda

Directions: Read the given information carefully and answer the questions given below.
 
Ten People- A, B, C, D, E, P, Q, R, S and T are sitting in two parallel rows but not necessarily in same order. Four of them like white colour , four of them like black colour and two like red colour. No two people likes same colour sit opposite or next to each other. Row 1 consist of- A, B, C, D, E but not necessarily in same order and Row 2 consist of- P, Q, R, S and T but not necessarily in same order. People sitting in both rows face each other.
 
T is an immediate neighbour of R. People who like Red colour do not sit in the same row. Two people sit between Q and T. E sits third to the right of B. A does not like black colour. Person who likes red colour is not an immediate neighbour of D. Person facing B and sitting next to him, Both like Black colour. D does not face P. People liking Red colour sit at extreme ends of the rows. R sits at one of the extreme ends. People who like Red colour do not face each other. Q does not like red colour. S and A like same colour. B likes red colour.
1
Find the Odd one out?
» Explain it
D
As Derived in the Common Explanation we can see that B, D, Q and R all of them sit at an extreme ends but C does not.

Hence Option D is correct.

Common Explanation:
 
Reference:
  • People who like Red do not face each other.
  • People liking Red sit at extreme ends of the rows.
  • B likes red.
  • People who like Red do not sit in the same row.
  • E sits third to the right of B.
 Inference:
 
Case(I): When B faces North
 
Color         Red
Persons Row 2 facing South          
Persons Row 1
facing North
B      
Color Red        

Case(II): When B faces South

Color         Red
Persons Row 1 facing South       B
Persons Row 2
facing North
         
Color Red        
 
Reference:
  • People facing B and sitting next to him both like Black.
  • No two people liking same color sit opposite or next to each other.
Inference:

With the help of second hint, position of colors can be determined in both the cases.
 
Case(I): When B faces North
 
Color Black White Black White Red
Persons Row 2 facing South          
Persons Row 1
facing North
B      
Color Red Black White Black White

Case(II): When B faces South

Color White Black White Black Red
Persons Row 1 facing South       B
Persons Row 2
facing North
         
Color Red White Black White Black
 
Reference:
  • R sits at one of the extreme ends.
  • T is an immediate neighbour of R.
  • Two people sit between Q and T.
  • Q does not like red.
Inference:

Here, R cannot sit opposite to B, because this will violate the last hint in both the cases.

Case(I): When B faces North
 
Color Black White Black White Red
Persons Row 2 facing South Q     T R
Persons Row 1
facing North
B      
Color Red Black White Black White

Case(II): When B faces South

Color White Black White Black Red
Persons Row 1 facing South       B
Persons Row 2
facing North
R T     Q
Color Red White Black White Black
 
  
Reference: 
  • A does not like black.
  • S and A like same color.
  • Person who likes red is not an immediate neighbour of D.
  • D does not faces P.
Inference:

As A does not like black and, S and A like same color, thus A and S both like White.
In this way both the cases satisfy the given hints and the final arrangement looks like following.

Case(I): When B faces North
 
Color Black White Black White Red
Persons Row 2 facing South Q S P T R
Persons Row 1
facing North
B C A D
Color Red Black White Black White

Case(II): When B faces South

Color White Black White Black Red
Persons Row 1 facing South D A C B
Persons Row 2
facing North
R T P S Q
Color Red White Black White Black
2
Which of the following pair face the one who likes red?
» Explain it
E
As Derived in the Common Explanation we clearly see that Q and D face the people who like red.

Hence Option E is correct.

Common Explanation:
 
Reference:
  • People who like Red do not face each other.
  • People liking Red sit at extreme ends of the rows.
  • B likes red.
  • People who like Red do not sit in the same row.
  • E sits third to the right of B.
 Inference:
 
Case(I): When B faces North
 
Color         Red
Persons Row 2 facing South          
Persons Row 1
facing North
B      
Color Red        

Case(II): When B faces South

Color         Red
Persons Row 1 facing South       B
Persons Row 2
facing North
         
Color Red        
 
Reference:
  • People facing B and sitting next to him both like Black.
  • No two people liking same color sit opposite or next to each other.
Inference:

With the help of second hint, position of colors can be determined in both the cases.
 
Case(I): When B faces North
 
Color Black White Black White Red
Persons Row 2 facing South          
Persons Row 1
facing North
B      
Color Red Black White Black White

Case(II): When B faces South

Color White Black White Black Red
Persons Row 1 facing South       B
Persons Row 2
facing North
         
Color Red White Black White Black
 
Reference:
  • R sits at one of the extreme ends.
  • T is an immediate neighbour of R.
  • Two people sit between Q and T.
  • Q does not like red.
Inference:

Here, R cannot sit opposite to B, because this will violate the last hint in both the cases.

Case(I): When B faces North
 
Color Black White Black White Red
Persons Row 2 facing South Q     T R
Persons Row 1
facing North
B      
Color Red Black White Black White

Case(II): When B faces South

Color White Black White Black Red
Persons Row 1 facing South       B
Persons Row 2
facing North
R T     Q
Color Red White Black White Black
 
  
Reference: 
  • A does not like black.
  • S and A like same color.
  • Person who likes red is not an immediate neighbour of D.
  • D does not faces P.
Inference:

As A does not like black and, S and A like same color, thus A and S both like White.
In this way both the cases satisfy the given hints and the final arrangement looks like following.

Case(I): When B faces North
 
Color Black White Black White Red
Persons Row 2 facing South Q S P T R
Persons Row 1
facing North
B C A D
Color Red Black White Black White

Case(II): When B faces South

Color White Black White Black Red
Persons Row 1 facing South D A C B
Persons Row 2
facing North
R T P S Q
Color Red White Black White Black
3
A is related to C and E in some way , in the same way S is related to P and Q then E is related to whom following the same pattern?
» Explain it
B
As Derived in the Common Explanation we clearly see that A sits exactly in between C and E , S sits exactly in between P and Q Therefore, E sits exactly in between A and D.

Hence Option B is correct.

Common Explanation:
 
Reference:
  • People who like Red do not face each other.
  • People liking Red sit at extreme ends of the rows.
  • B likes red.
  • People who like Red do not sit in the same row.
  • E sits third to the right of B.
 Inference:
 
Case(I): When B faces North
 
Color         Red
Persons Row 2 facing South          
Persons Row 1
facing North
B      
Color Red        

Case(II): When B faces South

Color         Red
Persons Row 1 facing South       B
Persons Row 2
facing North
         
Color Red        
 
Reference:
  • People facing B and sitting next to him both like Black.
  • No two people liking same color sit opposite or next to each other.
Inference:

With the help of second hint, position of colors can be determined in both the cases.
 
Case(I): When B faces North
 
Color Black White Black White Red
Persons Row 2 facing South          
Persons Row 1
facing North
B      
Color Red Black White Black White

Case(II): When B faces South

Color White Black White Black Red
Persons Row 1 facing South       B
Persons Row 2
facing North
         
Color Red White Black White Black
 
Reference:
  • R sits at one of the extreme ends.
  • T is an immediate neighbour of R.
  • Two people sit between Q and T.
  • Q does not like red.
Inference:

Here, R cannot sit opposite to B, because this will violate the last hint in both the cases.

Case(I): When B faces North
 
Color Black White Black White Red
Persons Row 2 facing South Q     T R
Persons Row 1
facing North
B      
Color Red Black White Black White

Case(II): When B faces South

Color White Black White Black Red
Persons Row 1 facing South       B
Persons Row 2
facing North
R T     Q
Color Red White Black White Black
 
  
Reference: 
  • A does not like black.
  • S and A like same color.
  • Person who likes red is not an immediate neighbour of D.
  • D does not faces P.
Inference:

As A does not like black and, S and A like same color, thus A and S both like White.
In this way both the cases satisfy the given hints and the final arrangement looks like following.

Case(I): When B faces North
 
Color Black White Black White Red
Persons Row 2 facing South Q S P T R
Persons Row 1
facing North
B C A D
Color Red Black White Black White

Case(II): When B faces South

Color White Black White Black Red
Persons Row 1 facing South D A C B
Persons Row 2
facing North
R T P S Q
Color Red White Black White Black

» Explain it
D
As Derived in the Common Explanation we clearly see that all the given options are false.
 
Hence Option D is correct.

Common Explanation:
 
Reference:
  • People who like Red do not face each other.
  • People liking Red sit at extreme ends of the rows.
  • B likes red.
  • People who like Red do not sit in the same row.
  • E sits third to the right of B.
 Inference:
 
Case(I): When B faces North
 
Color         Red
Persons Row 2 facing South          
Persons Row 1
facing North
B      
Color Red        

Case(II): When B faces South

Color         Red
Persons Row 1 facing South       B
Persons Row 2
facing North
         
Color Red        
 
Reference:
  • People facing B and sitting next to him both like Black.
  • No two people liking same color sit opposite or next to each other.
Inference:

With the help of second hint, position of colors can be determined in both the cases.
 
Case(I): When B faces North
 
Color Black White Black White Red
Persons Row 2 facing South          
Persons Row 1
facing North
B      
Color Red Black White Black White

Case(II): When B faces South

Color White Black White Black Red
Persons Row 1 facing South       B
Persons Row 2
facing North
         
Color Red White Black White Black
 
Reference:
  • R sits at one of the extreme ends.
  • T is an immediate neighbour of R.
  • Two people sit between Q and T.
  • Q does not like red.
Inference:

Here, R cannot sit opposite to B, because this will violate the last hint in both the cases.

Case(I): When B faces North
 
Color Black White Black White Red
Persons Row 2 facing South Q     T R
Persons Row 1
facing North
B      
Color Red Black White Black White

Case(II): When B faces South

Color White Black White Black Red
Persons Row 1 facing South       B
Persons Row 2
facing North
R T     Q
Color Red White Black White Black
 
  
Reference: 
  • A does not like black.
  • S and A like same color.
  • Person who likes red is not an immediate neighbour of D.
  • D does not faces P.
Inference:

As A does not like black and, S and A like same color, thus A and S both like White.
In this way both the cases satisfy the given hints and the final arrangement looks like following.

Case(I): When B faces North
 
Color Black White Black White Red
Persons Row 2 facing South Q S P T R
Persons Row 1
facing North
B C A D
Color Red Black White Black White

Case(II): When B faces South

Color White Black White Black Red
Persons Row 1 facing South D A C B
Persons Row 2
facing North
R T P S Q
Color Red White Black White Black
» Explain it
C
As derived in the common explanation we can see that all the pairs face opposite to each other except A and R.
 
Hence option C is correct.

Common Explanation:
 
Reference:
  • People who like Red do not face each other.
  • People liking Red sit at extreme ends of the rows.
  • B likes red.
  • People who like Red do not sit in the same row.
  • E sits third to the right of B.
 Inference:
 
Case(I): When B faces North
 
Color         Red
Persons Row 2 facing South          
Persons Row 1
facing North
B      
Color Red        

Case(II): When B faces South

Color         Red
Persons Row 1 facing South       B
Persons Row 2
facing North
         
Color Red        
 
Reference:
  • People facing B and sitting next to him both like Black.
  • No two people liking same color sit opposite or next to each other.
Inference:

With the help of second hint, position of colors can be determined in both the cases.
 
Case(I): When B faces North
 
Color Black White Black White Red
Persons Row 2 facing South          
Persons Row 1
facing North
B      
Color Red Black White Black White

Case(II): When B faces South

Color White Black White Black Red
Persons Row 1 facing South       B
Persons Row 2
facing North
         
Color Red White Black White Black
 
Reference:
  • R sits at one of the extreme ends.
  • T is an immediate neighbour of R.
  • Two people sit between Q and T.
  • Q does not like red.
Inference:

Here, R cannot sit opposite to B, because this will violate the last hint in both the cases.

Case(I): When B faces North
 
Color Black White Black White Red
Persons Row 2 facing South Q     T R
Persons Row 1
facing North
B      
Color Red Black White Black White

Case(II): When B faces South

Color White Black White Black Red
Persons Row 1 facing South       B
Persons Row 2
facing North
R T     Q
Color Red White Black White Black
 
  
Reference: 
  • A does not like black.
  • S and A like same color.
  • Person who likes red is not an immediate neighbour of D.
  • D does not faces P.
Inference:

As A does not like black and, S and A like same color, thus A and S both like White.
In this way both the cases satisfy the given hints and the final arrangement looks like following.

Case(I): When B faces North
 
Color Black White Black White Red
Persons Row 2 facing South Q S P T R
Persons Row 1
facing North
B C A D
Color Red Black White Black White

Case(II): When B faces South

Color White Black White Black Red
Persons Row 1 facing South D A C B
Persons Row 2
facing North
R T P S Q
Color Red White Black White Black

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Seating Arrangement Puzzle Quiz No. 92
 
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