New Pattern Reasoning Seating Arrangement Puzzles Quiz No 97 for SBI PO 2019 and IBPS PO 2019 Exams - Smartkeeda

Directions: Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below:
 
Twelve people O, P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, W, X, Y and Z are seated on parallel rows. Such a way that O, P, S, U, V, Z are seated on row 1 and other persons are seated on row 2 but not necessarily in the same order. Some people are facing north and some people facing south in both the rows. O sits second from the left of S who is not facing north. P sits immediate right of S. P sits straight to T facing opposite direction to each other. V sits second to the right of P. O and R faces each other. Y sits second to the left of R. Two persons sit between Q and X. W and U are seated at corners and facing opposite direction to each other. Neither Q nor X is sit at the extreme ends of the row. Z and U are facing same direction as Q and X. V is facing same direction as R. Q is not a neighbor of R. Not more than five persons facing south.
1
Who among the following persons facing south in Row-1?
» Explain it
A
The following common explanation, we get "S and O”.

Hence, option A is correct.

Final arrangement:
 
Direction North North North South North South
Person (Row-1) U Z P S V O
 
Person (Row-2) W Q T Y X R
Direction South North South North / South North North
 
Common Explanation

References

O, P, S, U, V and Z are seated on row 1 & Q, R, T, W; X and Y are seated in row 2.

O sits second from the left of S who is not facing north.

P sits immediate right of S. P sits straight to T facing opposite direction to each other.

V sits second to the right of P.

O and R face each other. Y sits second to the left of R.

W and U seated are at corners and facing opposite direction to each other.


Inferences
 
From above statements, we get
 
Note: In each row persons may face north/south.
 
We don’t know the position of S from extreme ends. So we solve as per the statements without considering number of persons in row as follows,
 
i. S faces south and his/her immediate right is P.
 
ii. O sits second from the left of S. V sits second to the right of P.
 
iii. Note: if P faces south, then V and O are sit at extreme ends of row-1. Therefore no place for U to sit at corner. Thus P must face north direction. Then V sits immediate left of S.
 
iv. P must face north direction sits opposite to T who faces south direction.
[opposite direction to each other means, if one faces north then the other faces south or vice versa]
 
v. O and R face each other. Y sits second to the left of R. [If R faces south, T and Y sit at extreme ends of row-2. Therefore no place for W to sit at corner. Thus R faces north direction and O faces south direction. Both are facing each other. Therefore Row-2 faces Row-1 as shown below.
 
vi. Y sits second to the left of R. Thus we get the table as follows,
 
Direction North South   South
Person(Row-1) P S V O
 
Person (Row-2) T Y   R
Direction South     North
 
References

Neither Q nor X is sit at the extreme ends of the row. Q is not a neighbor of R.
 
Two persons sit between Q and X.
 
V is facing same direction as R.
 
W and U are seated at corners and facing opposite direction to each other.
 
Z and U are facing same direction as Q and X.
 
Not more than five persons facing south.

 
Inferences
 
Note: Clearly from above diagram (we placed only 4 seating in each row), Q is not sit at any ends and not neighbor to R. If Q sits second to the right of R, then T and Q sit at extreme ends. Then there is no place for W to sit at corner in row 2 which is not possible. Thus Q must sit immediate right of T and X sits immediate left of R. Only person in row 2 is W who sits extreme corner and faces the person U.
 
i. V is facing same direction as R. R faces north, then V also faces north direction.
 
ii. Only remaining person in row-1 is Z who sits immediate left of P.
 
iii. Note: [Given: Z, U, Q and X are facing same direction but none of them direction is given directly]

iv. Hint: Not more than five persons facing south. [If Z, U, Q and X are facing south direction, total persons facing south direction becomes 7 including T, S and O which is not possible.
 
v. Therefore Z, U, Q and X are facing north direction

vi. W and U are seated at corners and facing opposite direction to each other. [U faces north, and then W faces South direction.
 
vii. Y direction is unknown. He/she may face North/South direction.
 
Thus we get the completed seating as shown below,

Direction North North North South North South
Person (Row-1) U Z P S V O
 
Person (Row-2) W Q T Y X R
Direction South North South North/South North North

» Explain it
B
The following common explanation, we get "Both the persons faces North “.

Hence, option B is correct.

Final arrangement:
 
Direction North North North South North South
Person (Row-1) U Z P S V O
 
Person (Row-2) W Q T Y X R
Direction South North South North / South North North
 
Common Explanation

References

O, P, S, U, V and Z are seated on row 1 & Q, R, T, W; X and Y are seated in row 2.

O sits second from the left of S who is not facing north.

P sits immediate right of S. P sits straight to T facing opposite direction to each other.

V sits second to the right of P.

O and R face each other. Y sits second to the left of R.

W and U seated are at corners and facing opposite direction to each other.


Inferences
 
From above statements, we get
 
Note: In each row persons may face north/south.
 
We don’t know the position of S from extreme ends. So we solve as per the statements without considering number of persons in row as follows,
 
i. S faces south and his/her immediate right is P.
 
ii. O sits second from the left of S. V sits second to the right of P.
 
iii. Note: if P faces south, then V and O are sit at extreme ends of row-1. Therefore no place for U to sit at corner. Thus P must face north direction. Then V sits immediate left of S.
 
iv. P must face north direction sits opposite to T who faces south direction.
[opposite direction to each other means, if one faces north then the other faces south or vice versa]
 
v. O and R face each other. Y sits second to the left of R. [If R faces south, T and Y sit at extreme ends of row-2. Therefore no place for W to sit at corner. Thus R faces north direction and O faces south direction. Both are facing each other. Therefore Row-2 faces Row-1 as shown below.
 
vi. Y sits second to the left of R. Thus we get the table as follows,
 
Direction North South   South
Person(Row-1) P S V O
 
Person (Row-2) T Y   R
Direction South     North
 
References

Neither Q nor X is sit at the extreme ends of the row. Q is not a neighbor of R.
 
Two persons sit between Q and X.
 
V is facing same direction as R.
 
W and U are seated at corners and facing opposite direction to each other.
 
Z and U are facing same direction as Q and X.
 
Not more than five persons facing south.

 
Inferences
 
Note: Clearly from above diagram (we placed only 4 seating in each row), Q is not sit at any ends and not neighbor to R. If Q sits second to the right of R, then T and Q sit at extreme ends. Then there is no place for W to sit at corner in row 2 which is not possible. Thus Q must sit immediate right of T and X sits immediate left of R. Only person in row 2 is W who sits extreme corner and faces the person U.
 
i. V is facing same direction as R. R faces north, then V also faces north direction.
 
ii. Only remaining person in row-1 is Z who sits immediate left of P.
 
iii. Note: [Given: Z, U, Q and X are facing same direction but none of them direction is given directly]

iv. Hint: Not more than five persons facing south. [If Z, U, Q and X are facing south direction, total persons facing south direction becomes 7 including T, S and O which is not possible.
 
v. Therefore Z, U, Q and X are facing north direction

vi. W and U are seated at corners and facing opposite direction to each other. [U faces north, and then W faces South direction.
 
vii. Y direction is unknown. He/she may face North/South direction.
 
Thus we get the completed seating as shown below,

Direction North North North South North South
Person (Row-1) U Z P S V O
 
Person (Row-2) W Q T Y X R
Direction South North South North/South North North

3
Find the following person’s position in the rows respectively.

I. Who sits immediate right of O?
II. Who sits third to the right of Q?
» Explain it
B
The following common explanation, we get "V and X”.
 
Immediate right of O is V & Third to the right of Q is X.
 
Hence, option B is correct.

Final arrangement:
 
Direction North North North South North South
Person (Row-1) U Z P S V O
 
Person (Row-2) W Q T Y X R
Direction South North South North / South North North
 
Common Explanation

References

O, P, S, U, V and Z are seated on row 1 & Q, R, T, W; X and Y are seated in row 2.

O sits second from the left of S who is not facing north.

P sits immediate right of S. P sits straight to T facing opposite direction to each other.

V sits second to the right of P.

O and R face each other. Y sits second to the left of R.

W and U seated are at corners and facing opposite direction to each other.


Inferences
 
From above statements, we get
 
Note: In each row persons may face north/south.
 
We don’t know the position of S from extreme ends. So we solve as per the statements without considering number of persons in row as follows,
 
i. S faces south and his/her immediate right is P.
 
ii. O sits second from the left of S. V sits second to the right of P.
 
iii. Note: if P faces south, then V and O are sit at extreme ends of row-1. Therefore no place for U to sit at corner. Thus P must face north direction. Then V sits immediate left of S.
 
iv. P must face north direction sits opposite to T who faces south direction.
[opposite direction to each other means, if one faces north then the other faces south or vice versa]
 
v. O and R face each other. Y sits second to the left of R. [If R faces south, T and Y sit at extreme ends of row-2. Therefore no place for W to sit at corner. Thus R faces north direction and O faces south direction. Both are facing each other. Therefore Row-2 faces Row-1 as shown below.
 
vi. Y sits second to the left of R. Thus we get the table as follows,
 
Direction North South   South
Person(Row-1) P S V O
 
Person (Row-2) T Y   R
Direction South     North
 
References

Neither Q nor X is sit at the extreme ends of the row. Q is not a neighbor of R.
 
Two persons sit between Q and X.
 
V is facing same direction as R.
 
W and U are seated at corners and facing opposite direction to each other.
 
Z and U are facing same direction as Q and X.
 
Not more than five persons facing south.

 
Inferences
 
Note: Clearly from above diagram (we placed only 4 seating in each row), Q is not sit at any ends and not neighbor to R. If Q sits second to the right of R, then T and Q sit at extreme ends. Then there is no place for W to sit at corner in row 2 which is not possible. Thus Q must sit immediate right of T and X sits immediate left of R. Only person in row 2 is W who sits extreme corner and faces the person U.
 
i. V is facing same direction as R. R faces north, then V also faces north direction.
 
ii. Only remaining person in row-1 is Z who sits immediate left of P.
 
iii. Note: [Given: Z, U, Q and X are facing same direction but none of them direction is given directly]

iv. Hint: Not more than five persons facing south. [If Z, U, Q and X are facing south direction, total persons facing south direction becomes 7 including T, S and O which is not possible.
 
v. Therefore Z, U, Q and X are facing north direction

vi. W and U are seated at corners and facing opposite direction to each other. [U faces north, and then W faces South direction.
 
vii. Y direction is unknown. He/she may face North/South direction.
 
Thus we get the completed seating as shown below,

Direction North North North South North South
Person (Row-1) U Z P S V O
 
Person (Row-2) W Q T Y X R
Direction South North South North/South North North

4
Find the odd one out among the following.
» Explain it
C
Following common explanation, we get "Y”.
 
Except Y, the directions of all the others are confirmed.
 
Hence, option C is correct.

Final arrangement:
 
Direction North North North South North South
Person (Row-1) U Z P S V O
 
Person (Row-2) W Q T Y X R
Direction South North South North / South North North
 
Common Explanation

References

O, P, S, U, V and Z are seated on row 1 & Q, R, T, W; X and Y are seated in row 2.

O sits second from the left of S who is not facing north.

P sits immediate right of S. P sits straight to T facing opposite direction to each other.

V sits second to the right of P.

O and R face each other. Y sits second to the left of R.

W and U seated are at corners and facing opposite direction to each other.


Inferences
 
From above statements, we get
 
Note: In each row persons may face north/south.
 
We don’t know the position of S from extreme ends. So we solve as per the statements without considering number of persons in row as follows,
 
i. S faces south and his/her immediate right is P.
 
ii. O sits second from the left of S. V sits second to the right of P.
 
iii. Note: if P faces south, then V and O are sit at extreme ends of row-1. Therefore no place for U to sit at corner. Thus P must face north direction. Then V sits immediate left of S.
 
iv. P must face north direction sits opposite to T who faces south direction.
[opposite direction to each other means, if one faces north then the other faces south or vice versa]
 
v. O and R face each other. Y sits second to the left of R. [If R faces south, T and Y sit at extreme ends of row-2. Therefore no place for W to sit at corner. Thus R faces north direction and O faces south direction. Both are facing each other. Therefore Row-2 faces Row-1 as shown below.
 
vi. Y sits second to the left of R. Thus we get the table as follows,
 
Direction North South   South
Person(Row-1) P S V O
 
Person (Row-2) T Y   R
Direction South     North
 
References

Neither Q nor X is sit at the extreme ends of the row. Q is not a neighbor of R.
 
Two persons sit between Q and X.
 
V is facing same direction as R.
 
W and U are seated at corners and facing opposite direction to each other.
 
Z and U are facing same direction as Q and X.
 
Not more than five persons facing south.

 
Inferences
 
Note: Clearly from above diagram (we placed only 4 seating in each row), Q is not sit at any ends and not neighbor to R. If Q sits second to the right of R, then T and Q sit at extreme ends. Then there is no place for W to sit at corner in row 2 which is not possible. Thus Q must sit immediate right of T and X sits immediate left of R. Only person in row 2 is W who sits extreme corner and faces the person U.
 
i. V is facing same direction as R. R faces north, then V also faces north direction.
 
ii. Only remaining person in row-1 is Z who sits immediate left of P.
 
iii. Note: [Given: Z, U, Q and X are facing same direction but none of them direction is given directly]

iv. Hint: Not more than five persons facing south. [If Z, U, Q and X are facing south direction, total persons facing south direction becomes 7 including T, S and O which is not possible.
 
v. Therefore Z, U, Q and X are facing north direction

vi. W and U are seated at corners and facing opposite direction to each other. [U faces north, and then W faces South direction.
 
vii. Y direction is unknown. He/she may face North/South direction.
 
Thus we get the completed seating as shown below,

Direction North North North South North South
Person (Row-1) U Z P S V O
 
Person (Row-2) W Q T Y X R
Direction South North South North/South North North

5
If U is related to P and S is related to Z in same way Y is related with:
» Explain it
D
Following common explanation, we get "Q”.
 
P is seated second to the right of U and in same way Z is seated second to the right of S and in same way Y is seated second to the right of Q.
 
Hence, option D is correct.

Final arrangement:
 
Direction North North North South North South
Person (Row-1) U Z P S V O
 
Person (Row-2) W Q T Y X R
Direction South North South North / South North North
 
Common Explanation

References

O, P, S, U, V and Z are seated on row 1 & Q, R, T, W; X and Y are seated in row 2.

O sits second from the left of S who is not facing north.

P sits immediate right of S. P sits straight to T facing opposite direction to each other.

V sits second to the right of P.

O and R face each other. Y sits second to the left of R.

W and U seated are at corners and facing opposite direction to each other.


Inferences
 
From above statements, we get
 
Note: In each row persons may face north/south.
 
We don’t know the position of S from extreme ends. So we solve as per the statements without considering number of persons in row as follows,
 
i. S faces south and his/her immediate right is P.
 
ii. O sits second from the left of S. V sits second to the right of P.
 
iii. Note: if P faces south, then V and O are sit at extreme ends of row-1. Therefore no place for U to sit at corner. Thus P must face north direction. Then V sits immediate left of S.
 
iv. P must face north direction sits opposite to T who faces south direction.
[opposite direction to each other means, if one faces north then the other faces south or vice versa]
 
v. O and R face each other. Y sits second to the left of R. [If R faces south, T and Y sit at extreme ends of row-2. Therefore no place for W to sit at corner. Thus R faces north direction and O faces south direction. Both are facing each other. Therefore Row-2 faces Row-1 as shown below.
 
vi. Y sits second to the left of R. Thus we get the table as follows,
 
Direction North South   South
Person(Row-1) P S V O
 
Person (Row-2) T Y   R
Direction South     North
 
References

Neither Q nor X is sit at the extreme ends of the row. Q is not a neighbor of R.
 
Two persons sit between Q and X.
 
V is facing same direction as R.
 
W and U are seated at corners and facing opposite direction to each other.
 
Z and U are facing same direction as Q and X.
 
Not more than five persons facing south.

 
Inferences
 
Note: Clearly from above diagram (we placed only 4 seating in each row), Q is not sit at any ends and not neighbor to R. If Q sits second to the right of R, then T and Q sit at extreme ends. Then there is no place for W to sit at corner in row 2 which is not possible. Thus Q must sit immediate right of T and X sits immediate left of R. Only person in row 2 is W who sits extreme corner and faces the person U.
 
i. V is facing same direction as R. R faces north, then V also faces north direction.
 
ii. Only remaining person in row-1 is Z who sits immediate left of P.
 
iii. Note: [Given: Z, U, Q and X are facing same direction but none of them direction is given directly]

iv. Hint: Not more than five persons facing south. [If Z, U, Q and X are facing south direction, total persons facing south direction becomes 7 including T, S and O which is not possible.
 
v. Therefore Z, U, Q and X are facing north direction

vi. W and U are seated at corners and facing opposite direction to each other. [U faces north, and then W faces South direction.
 
vii. Y direction is unknown. He/she may face North/South direction.
 
Thus we get the completed seating as shown below,

Direction North North North South North South
Person (Row-1) U Z P S V O
 
Person (Row-2) W Q T Y X R
Direction South North South North/South North North


New Pattern Reasoning Questions for SBI PO 2019 and IBPS PO 2019 Exams | Seating Arrangement Quiz No 97 


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