New Pattern English Questions Quiz | Paragraph Summary Questions for SBI PO 2020 at Smartkeeda

Direction: In each of the questions given below, a passage has been given which are either situational based or describes a scenario. Below each passage, a question has been given which is framed to make you to infer something out of it. Mark out the correct inference as your answer.
The days when inflation could topple governments appear to be gone. It is now time for the government to worry about falling prices, especially of food. Retail inflation dropped to a 17-month low of 2.33% in November, as compared to 3.31% in October, primarily due to the fall in the prices of various essential food items.

Which among the following can be inferred from the above passage?
» Explain it
Option A is not correct because there is no reference to the RBI in the passage and moreover the given statement itself is not making any sense altogether. Therefore it can be eliminated from consideration.

Option B is not correct because of the same reason. The passage has nothing to do with the autonomy of the RBI or the inflation targeting framework of the country. It is mainly about the problems faced by the government now and then. The two sides have been presented in the given passage.

Option D is not correct since it is not inferred from the passage. Nowhere is it mentioned that the government is unable to give response to the falling inflation in the country. It cannot be considered as the correct choice.

Option C is correct since it is capturing the situation pretty well. It is correct that the situations have changed completely and that is why now the governments have to worry about falling inflation also. In the past, they had to worry about rising inflation only and in cases of falling inflation, the government used to feel happy about it.

This makes option C the correct choice among the given options.
Post-poll alliances between parties, shaped as they are by intractable realities, are easier to form than pre-poll alliances that have to reconcile competing expectations of the prospective partners. Soon after the results of the Assembly elections were out, the Bahujan Samaj Party, which had played hard-to-get with the Congress in pre-election alliance talks, announced its support to the party in both Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan.

Which among the following can be said regarding the style of writing in the given passage above?
» Explain it
The given passage first gives us a theory and after that the same theory is established by the author by giving a real-life example. This is mere explanation of the given theory because with this example, it becomes easier to understand any kind of theory.

Among the given options, only option C would be the correct choice since other options are irrelevant in the context of the given passage. The passage can be said to be written in an explanatory style since the first part is a theory and the next part is the example of that. The explanation may be best given if you present a proper picture of its application in the real life.

This makes option C the correct choice among the given options.
The Reserve Bank of India Governor Urjit Patel has cited personal reasons for resigning with immediate effect, but anyone who has followed the events of the last couple of months will know it was anything but that. It was a period during which the Centre and the RBI were engaged in an unseemly tussle over a clutch of issues that had a bearing on the RBI’s autonomy, something that Mr. Patel had sought to preserve.

Which among the following can be said about Mr. Urjit Patel’s character from the given passage?
» Explain it
According to the given passage, it is clear that Urjit Patel resigned from the post of the RBI Governor due to the fact that he had to fight for the autonomy of the Reserve Bank of India. It was becoming difficult for him to continue keeping the autonomy of the organization intact. It may be said that he had a lot of self-respect for himself.

Among the given options, none of the words will be able to say anything regarding the character of Urjit Patel as a human being since autocratic refers to somebody who has no consideration of other’s views or opinions. Other options are also out of context here.

This makes option E the correct choice among the given options.
British Prime Minister Theresa May has survived a trust vote on her Conservative party stewardship. But there is little sign that the bitter infighting within the ruling party will abate. Nor is there any assurance that Parliament will back her government’s controversial Brexit deal with the European Union.

Which among the following can explain the road lying ahead for the British Prime Minister Theresa May in the Brexit front?
» Explain it
It is clear from the above passage that the British Prime Minister is going to have a very hard time ahead regarding the implementation of the Brexit deal in the country. It is not even certain if her own party will support her regarding this bill. It can thus be said that the road ahead for the British PM is tumultuous; to say the least, in order to make sure that the Brexit vote goes in her favour at the end.

Among the given options, rambunctious refers to tumultuous and that is why it is the correct choice whereas scurrilous refers to vulgar and opprobrious refers to abusive / hateful. Therefore none of the other options will be able to explain the situation correctly.

This makes option A the correct choice among the given options.
Mahinda Rajapaksa’s decision to resign as Prime Minister, an office to which he was controversially installed by President Maithripala Sirisena, is the first sign that the dragging constitutional crisis in Sri Lanka is heading slowly towards a resolution.

Which among the following will correctly explain the opinion of the author regarding the ongoing political turmoil in Sri Lanka?
» Explain it
It is clear from the given passage that the author is optimistic regarding the fact that the political crisis prevailing in Sri Lanka is going to end soon given the new development that the PM installed by the President ignoring the trust vote results, has decided to step down from his post. This is a sign of being hopeful about the future of Sri Lanka regarding its politics.

Among the given options, only option C is the correct choice as it gives the right impression regarding the opinion of the author. All the other options are completely out of context here.

This makes option C the correct choice among the given options.