Choose the right answer from the given options.
1
Which of the following recomended reservation for the Other Backward Classes (OBCs)?
» Explain it
A
The Mandal Commission was established by the Janata Party government under Prime Minister Morarji Desai in India in 1979 with a mandate to “identify the socially or educationally backward.” It was headed by Indian parliamentarian B.P. Mandal to consider the question of seat reservations and quotas for people to redress caste discrimination.

Hence, the option A is correct.

 
» Explain it
D
Sarkaria Commission was set up in June 1983 by the central government of India. The Sarkaria Commission's charter was to examine the relationship and balance of power between state and central governments in the country and suggest changes within the framework of Constitution of India. The Commission was so named as it was headed by Justice Rajinder Singh Sarkaria, a retired judge of the Supreme Court of India. The other two members of the committee were Shri B. Sivaraman and Dr S.R. Sen.

Hence, the option D is correct.

 
» Explain it
A
Demands for grants committee is a non-parliamentary committee. 

Hence, the option A is correct.
 
4
The Sarkaria Commission Report deals with which one the following?
» Explain it
B
The Sarkaria Commission Report deals with Centre-state relations.

About Sarkaria Commission:

Sarkaria Commission was set up in June 1983 by the central government of India. The Sarkaria Commission's charter was to examine the relationship and balance of power between state and central governments in the country and suggest changes within the framework of Constitution of India. The Commission was so named as it was headed by Justice Ranjit Singh Sarkaria, a retired judge of the Supreme Court of India. The other two members of the committee were Shri B. Sivaraman and Dr S.R. Sen.

Hence, the option B is correct.

 
5
Assertion (A): The number of the Members of the Union Public Service Commission is preserved in the Constitution of India.

Reason (R): The Union Public Service Commission was constituted under the provisions in the Constitution of India.
 
» Explain it
D
Assertion is wrong because number of members of UPSC was left to the discretion of the President of India.

About Union Public Service Commission (UPSC):
 
The Union Public Service Commission India's central agency authorized to conduct the Civil Services Examination, Indian Forest Service examination, Engineering Services Examination, Combined Defence Services Examination, National Defence Academy Examination, Naval Academy Examination, Combined Medical Services Examination, Special Class Railway Apprentice, Indian Economic Service/Indian Statistical Service Examination, Combined Geoscientist and Geologist Examination, and Central Armed Police Forces(Assistant Commandant) Examination.

Hence, the option D is correct.