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Under the constitution of India who are the ultimate Sovereign?
» Explain it
These are the opening words of the preamble of the Indian Constitution.

WE, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a SOVEREIGN, SOCIALIST, SECULAR, DEMOCRATIC, REPUBLIC and to secure to all its citizens:

JUSTICE, social, economic and political;

LIBERTY of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship;

EQUALITY of status and of opportunity; and to promote among them all

FRATERNITY assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of the Nation;


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The procedure of amendment in the constitution is laid down in which of the following Article of Indian Constitution?
» Explain it
Article 368 (1) of the Constitution of India grants constituent power to make formal amendments and empowers Parliament to amend the Constitution by way of addition, variation or repeal of any provision according to the procedure laid down therein, which is different from the procedure for ordinary legislation.
Which of the following Articles of the Constitution of India give the right definition of ‘Money Bill’?
» Explain it
Procedure for a Money Bill:

1. Money Bills can be introduced only in Lok Sabha (the directly elected 'people's house' of the Indian Parliament).

2. Money bills passed by the Lok Sabha are sent to the Rajya Sabha (Council of States). The Rajya Sabha does not have power to amend money bills but can recommend amendments.

3. When a Money Bill is returned to the Lok Sabha with the recommended amendments of the Rajya Sabha it is open to Lok Sabha to accept or reject any or all of the recommendations.

4. A money bill is deemed to have passed both houses with any recommended amendments the Lok Sabha chooses to accept, (and without any that it chooses to decline).

5. The definition of ‘Money Bill’ is given in the Article 110 of the Constitution of India. A financial bill is not a Money Bill unless it fulfills the requirements of the Article 110.

6. The Speaker of the Lok Sabha certifies if a Finance bill is a Money Bill or not.

7. Policy cut motion - Disapproval of the given policy. Symbolically, the members demand that the amount of the demand be reduced to 1 INR. They may also suggest an alternative policy.

8. Economy cut motion - It is demanded that the amount of the policy be reduced by specified amount.

9. Token cut motion - Used to show specific grievance against the government. Also states that the amount of the demand be reduced by Rs. 100.

10. Finance bill is supposed to be enacted within 75 days(including the Parliament voting and the President assenting).

11. A money bill can only be introduced in parliament with prior permission by the President of India.

12. Money bill cannot be returned by the President to the parliament for its reconsideration, as it is presented in the Lok Sabha with his permission.
The Environment Protection Act of 1986 comes under which of the following Articles of the Constitution of India?
» Explain it
About Environment Protection Act:
Environment Protection Act was passed by the Parliament of India in the year of 1986. In the wake of the Bhopal Tragedy, the Government of India enacted the Environment Protection Act of 1986 under Article 253 of the Constitution. It was passed in March 1986 and came into force on 19th November 1986.
The purpose of the Act is to implement the decisions of the United Nations Conference on the Human Environments they relate to the protection and improvement of the human environment and the prevention of hazards to human beings, other living creatures, plants and property.
According to Article 164 (1) of the Constitution of India, in three States there shall be a Minister in charge of tribal welfare who may in addition be in charge of the welfare of the Scheduled Castes and Backward Classes. Which one of the following States is not covered by the Article?
» Explain it
Under Article 164 (1): The chief Minister shall be appointed by the Governor and the other Ministers shall be appointed by the Governor on the advice of the Chief Minister and the Ministers shall hold office during the pleasure of the Governor: Provided that in the State of Bihar, Madhya Pradesh and Orissa, there shall be a Minister in charge of tribal welfare who may in addition be in charge of the welfare of the Scheduled Castes and backward classes or any other work.