IBPS PO Prelims 2019 Reasoning Puzzles PDF | New Pattern Reasoning Puzzles for Bank PO and Bank Clerk Exams at Smartkeeda

Directions: Read the following information carefully and answer the questions given beside.

Six persons M, N, O, P, Q, R are going to a casino and they wear shirts of different colours viz. Blue, Black, Red, Green, Yellow, White. They carry some cash in their wallets- Rs. 500, Rs.400, Rs.300, Rs.900, Rs.600, Rs.800. They will also meet their friends at the casino whose names are A, B, C, D, E and F.
 
N wears the shirt of Green colour. The person who wears White coloured shirt is the friend of A. The person who has Rs.600 is D’s friend. O has Rs. 500 and the person who wears Blue coloured shirt is E’s friend and has Rs. 300 in the wallet. N is not the friend of D. Q has Rs.400 in his wallet. P wears Yellow colured shirt. M and F are friends. D’s friend doesn’t wear Red coloured shirt. The person who is B’s friend wears Black colured shirt. A’s friend doesn’t have Rs. 500 and M doesn’t have Rs. 900.
1
Which of the following amounts does M have in his/her wallet?
» Explain it
B
From the following explanation it is clear that M has Rs. 800 in his wallet.

Hence option B is correct.

Final Schedule:
 
Persons Friends Money Shirt colour
M F 800 Red
N C 900 Green
O B 500 Black
P D 600 Yellow
Q A  400 White
R E 300 Blue
 
Common Explanation:

Reference:

 
N wears the shirt of Green colour.

N is not the friend of D.

P wears Yellow colured shirt.

M and F are friends. 

Q has Rs.400 in his wallet. 


Inference:

With the above direct hints, following table can be prepared.
 
Persons Friends Money Shirt colour
M F    
N D   Green
O      
P     Yellow
Q    400  
R      

Reference:

A’s friend doesn’t have Rs. 500 and M doesn’t have Rs. 900.

O has Rs. 500 and the person who wears Blue coloured shirt is E’s friend and has Rs. 300 in the wallet. 

The person who wears White coloured shirt is the friend of A.


Inference:

As O has Rs. 500 in his wallet , so he can't be A's friend.

Now the remaining persons which could be A's friend are – N, P, Q and R.

With the third hint it is clear that A's friend wears white coloured shirt, thus N and P get eliminated. So, the possible friends of A are Q and R.

We will indicate this with the help of two cases such as Case1 and Case 2.

Case1:

With reference to the second hint, no such person is there who could wear a blue coloured shirt and also has Rs. 300. Thus Case 1 fails.
 
Persons Friends Money Shirt colour
M F 900  
N D   Green
O   500  
P     Yellow
Q    400  
R A   White

Case2:

With reference to the second hint, the only possible person who could wear a blue coloured shirt and also has Rs. 300 is "R."
 
Persons Friends Money Shirt colour
M F 900  
N D   Green
O   500  
P     Yellow
Q A  400 White
R E 300 Blue

Reference:

The person who has Rs.600 is D’s friend.

D’s friend doesn’t wear Red coloured shirt.

The person who is B’s friend wears Black colured shirt. 


Inference:

N and M can't be D's friend, thus the only person left is P, thus P is D's friend and has Rs. 600.

As M can't be B's friend, thus B's friend would be O.
 
Persons Friends Money Shirt colour
M F 900  
N     Green
O B 500 Black
P D 600 Yellow
Q A  400 White
R E 300 Blue

The only left colour i.e. red will be wore by M.

As M can't have Rs. 900, so he must be having rs. 800 and N has Rs. 900.

The only left person 'C' is N's friend.
 
Persons Friends Money Shirt colour
M F 800 Red
N C 900 Green
O B 500 Black
P D 600 Yellow
Q A  400 White
R E 300 Blue
2
C's friend is wearing shirt of which of the following colours?
» Explain it
D
From the following explanation it is clear that C's friend is wearing a green coloured shirt.

Hence option D is correct.

Final Schedule:
 
Persons Friends Money Shirt colour
M F 800 Red
N C 900 Green
O B 500 Black
P D 600 Yellow
Q A  400 White
R E 300 Blue
 
Common Explanation:

Reference:

 
N wears the shirt of Green colour.

N is not the friend of D.

P wears Yellow colured shirt.

M and F are friends. 

Q has Rs.400 in his wallet. 


Inference:

With the above direct hints, following table can be prepared.
 
Persons Friends Money Shirt colour
M F    
N D   Green
O      
P     Yellow
Q    400  
R      

Reference:

A’s friend doesn’t have Rs. 500 and M doesn’t have Rs. 900.

O has Rs. 500 and the person who wears Blue coloured shirt is E’s friend and has Rs. 300 in the wallet. 

The person who wears White coloured shirt is the friend of A.


Inference:

As O has Rs. 500 in his wallet , so he can't be A's friend.

Now the remaining persons which could be A's friend are – N, P, Q and R.

With the third hint it is clear that A's friend wears white coloured shirt, thus N and P get eliminated. So, the possible friends of A are Q and R.

We will indicate this with the help of two cases such as Case1 and Case 2.

Case1:

With reference to the second hint, no such person is there who could wear a blue coloured shirt and also has Rs. 300. Thus Case 1 fails.
 
Persons Friends Money Shirt colour
M F 900  
N D   Green
O   500  
P     Yellow
Q    400  
R A   White

Case2:

With reference to the second hint, the only possible person who could wear a blue coloured shirt and also has Rs. 300 is "R."
 
Persons Friends Money Shirt colour
M F 900  
N D   Green
O   500  
P     Yellow
Q A  400 White
R E 300 Blue

Reference:

The person who has Rs.600 is D’s friend.

D’s friend doesn’t wear Red coloured shirt.

The person who is B’s friend wears Black colured shirt. 


Inference:

N and M can't be D's friend, thus the only person left is P, thus P is D's friend and has Rs. 600.

As M can't be B's friend, thus B's friend would be O.
 
Persons Friends Money Shirt colour
M F 900  
N     Green
O B 500 Black
P D 600 Yellow
Q A  400 White
R E 300 Blue

The only left colour i.e. red will be wore by M.

As M can't have Rs. 900, so he must be having rs. 800 and N has Rs. 900.

The only left person 'C' is N's friend.
 
Persons Friends Money Shirt colour
M F 800 Red
N C 900 Green
O B 500 Black
P D 600 Yellow
Q A  400 White
R E 300 Blue
3
Who among the following wears black coloured shirt?
» Explain it
E
From the following explanation it is clear that O wears black colured shirt.

Hence option E is correct.

Final Schedule:
 
Persons Friends Money Shirt colour
M F 800 Red
N C 900 Green
O B 500 Black
P D 600 Yellow
Q A  400 White
R E 300 Blue
 
Common Explanation:

Reference:

 
N wears the shirt of Green colour.

N is not the friend of D.

P wears Yellow colured shirt.

M and F are friends. 

Q has Rs.400 in his wallet. 


Inference:

With the above direct hints, following table can be prepared.
 
Persons Friends Money Shirt colour
M F    
N D   Green
O      
P     Yellow
Q    400  
R      

Reference:

A’s friend doesn’t have Rs. 500 and M doesn’t have Rs. 900.

O has Rs. 500 and the person who wears Blue coloured shirt is E’s friend and has Rs. 300 in the wallet. 

The person who wears White coloured shirt is the friend of A.


Inference:

As O has Rs. 500 in his wallet , so he can't be A's friend.

Now the remaining persons which could be A's friend are – N, P, Q and R.

With the third hint it is clear that A's friend wears white coloured shirt, thus N and P get eliminated. So, the possible friends of A are Q and R.

We will indicate this with the help of two cases such as Case1 and Case 2.

Case1:

With reference to the second hint, no such person is there who could wear a blue coloured shirt and also has Rs. 300. Thus Case 1 fails.
 
Persons Friends Money Shirt colour
M F 900  
N D   Green
O   500  
P     Yellow
Q    400  
R A   White

Case2:

With reference to the second hint, the only possible person who could wear a blue coloured shirt and also has Rs. 300 is "R."
 
Persons Friends Money Shirt colour
M F 900  
N D   Green
O   500  
P     Yellow
Q A  400 White
R E 300 Blue

Reference:

The person who has Rs.600 is D’s friend.

D’s friend doesn’t wear Red coloured shirt.

The person who is B’s friend wears Black colured shirt. 


Inference:

N and M can't be D's friend, thus the only person left is P, thus P is D's friend and has Rs. 600.

As M can't be B's friend, thus B's friend would be O.
 
Persons Friends Money Shirt colour
M F 900  
N     Green
O B 500 Black
P D 600 Yellow
Q A  400 White
R E 300 Blue

The only left colour i.e. red will be wore by M.

As M can't have Rs. 900, so he must be having rs. 800 and N has Rs. 900.

The only left person 'C' is N's friend.
 
Persons Friends Money Shirt colour
M F 800 Red
N C 900 Green
O B 500 Black
P D 600 Yellow
Q A  400 White
R E 300 Blue
4
Which of the following combinations is correctly matched?
» Explain it
C
From the following explanation it is clear that" R - Blue - 300" is correctly matched.

Hence option C is correct.

Final Schedule:
 
Persons Friends Money Shirt colour
M F 800 Red
N C 900 Green
O B 500 Black
P D 600 Yellow
Q A  400 White
R E 300 Blue
 
Common Explanation:

Reference:

 
N wears the shirt of Green colour.

N is not the friend of D.

P wears Yellow colured shirt.

M and F are friends. 

Q has Rs.400 in his wallet. 


Inference:

With the above direct hints, following table can be prepared.
 
Persons Friends Money Shirt colour
M F    
N D   Green
O      
P     Yellow
Q    400  
R      

Reference:

A’s friend doesn’t have Rs. 500 and M doesn’t have Rs. 900.

O has Rs. 500 and the person who wears Blue coloured shirt is E’s friend and has Rs. 300 in the wallet. 

The person who wears White coloured shirt is the friend of A.


Inference:

As O has Rs. 500 in his wallet , so he can't be A's friend.

Now the remaining persons which could be A's friend are – N, P, Q and R.

With the third hint it is clear that A's friend wears white coloured shirt, thus N and P get eliminated. So, the possible friends of A are Q and R.

We will indicate this with the help of two cases such as Case1 and Case 2.

Case1:

With reference to the second hint, no such person is there who could wear a blue coloured shirt and also has Rs. 300. Thus Case 1 fails.
 
Persons Friends Money Shirt colour
M F 900  
N D   Green
O   500  
P     Yellow
Q    400  
R A   White

Case2:

With reference to the second hint, the only possible person who could wear a blue coloured shirt and also has Rs. 300 is "R."
 
Persons Friends Money Shirt colour
M F 900  
N D   Green
O   500  
P     Yellow
Q A  400 White
R E 300 Blue

Reference:

The person who has Rs.600 is D’s friend.

D’s friend doesn’t wear Red coloured shirt.

The person who is B’s friend wears Black colured shirt. 


Inference:

N and M can't be D's friend, thus the only person left is P, thus P is D's friend and has Rs. 600.

As M can't be B's friend, thus B's friend would be O.
 
Persons Friends Money Shirt colour
M F 900  
N     Green
O B 500 Black
P D 600 Yellow
Q A  400 White
R E 300 Blue

The only left colour i.e. red will be wore by M.

As M can't have Rs. 900, so he must be having rs. 800 and N has Rs. 900.

The only left person 'C' is N's friend.
 
Persons Friends Money Shirt colour
M F 800 Red
N C 900 Green
O B 500 Black
P D 600 Yellow
Q A  400 White
R E 300 Blue
5
Who among the following is B's friend?
» Explain it
A
From the following explanation it is clear that O is B's friend.

Hence option A is correct.
 
Final Schedule:
 
Persons Friends Money Shirt colour
M F 800 Red
N C 900 Green
O B 500 Black
P D 600 Yellow
Q A  400 White
R E 300 Blue
 
Common Explanation:

Reference:

 
N wears the shirt of Green colour.

N is not the friend of D.

P wears Yellow colured shirt.

M and F are friends. 

Q has Rs.400 in his wallet. 


Inference:

With the above direct hints, following table can be prepared.
 
Persons Friends Money Shirt colour
M F    
N D   Green
O      
P     Yellow
Q    400  
R      

Reference:

A’s friend doesn’t have Rs. 500 and M doesn’t have Rs. 900.

O has Rs. 500 and the person who wears Blue coloured shirt is E’s friend and has Rs. 300 in the wallet. 

The person who wears White coloured shirt is the friend of A.


Inference:

As O has Rs. 500 in his wallet , so he can't be A's friend.

Now the remaining persons which could be A's friend are – N, P, Q and R.

With the third hint it is clear that A's friend wears white coloured shirt, thus N and P get eliminated. So, the possible friends of A are Q and R.

We will indicate this with the help of two cases such as Case1 and Case 2.

Case1:

With reference to the second hint, no such person is there who could wear a blue coloured shirt and also has Rs. 300. Thus Case 1 fails.
 
Persons Friends Money Shirt colour
M F 900  
N D   Green
O   500  
P     Yellow
Q    400  
R A   White

Case2:

With reference to the second hint, the only possible person who could wear a blue coloured shirt and also has Rs. 300 is "R."
 
Persons Friends Money Shirt colour
M F 900  
N D   Green
O   500  
P     Yellow
Q A  400 White
R E 300 Blue

Reference:

The person who has Rs.600 is D’s friend.

D’s friend doesn’t wear Red coloured shirt.

The person who is B’s friend wears Black colured shirt. 


Inference:

N and M can't be D's friend, thus the only person left is P, thus P is D's friend and has Rs. 600.

As M can't be B's friend, thus B's friend would be O.
 
Persons Friends Money Shirt colour
M F 900  
N     Green
O B 500 Black
P D 600 Yellow
Q A  400 White
R E 300 Blue

The only left colour i.e. red will be wore by M.

As M can't have Rs. 900, so he must be having rs. 800 and N has Rs. 900.

The only left person 'C' is N's friend.
 
Persons Friends Money Shirt colour
M F 800 Red
N C 900 Green
O B 500 Black
P D 600 Yellow
Q A  400 White
R E 300 Blue

IBPS PO Prelims 2019 Reasoning Puzzles PDF | Reasoning Puzzle Test Set No 123 at Smartkeeda



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