# Reasoning Puzzle Quiz with Multiple Choice Questions for SBI PO, LIC Assistant and All Bank Exams 2020

Directions: Read the following information carefully and answer the questions given beside.

Six students – P,Q,R,S,T and U got different marks in Maths test. No two students got same marks.

The maximum marks were 100 and no student obtained full marks. P’s marks were just higher than that of Q, whose marks are perfect cube. Only two students got higher marks than Q. The difference between the marks of R and Q is 22.  T’s marks are half of the marks secured by R. R’s marks are in even number. U received higher marks than only S, who received 23 marks. U’s marks were 7 more than the difference between the marks secured by T and S. The sum of the marks secured by all the students was 320.
Important for :
1
P's marks were how much more than that of Q?
» Explain it
B
P's marks were 13 more than that of Q.

Hence option B is correct.

Final Schedule:

 Students Case-2 Marks Q 64 P 77 R 86 T 43 U 27 S 23

Common Explanation:

Reference:

The maximum marks were 100 and no student obtained full marks.
P’s marks were just higher than that of Q, whose marks are perfect cube.
Only two students got higher marks than Q.

Inference:

With the first hint it is clear that even the person securing highest marks did not get 100 marks.
With respect to second and third hints it is clear that Q received the third highest marks and P received the second highest marks.
The possible marks for Q are 8, 27 and 64.

Reference:

The difference between the marks of R and Q is 22.
R’s marks are in even number.

Inference:

With the given hints it is clear that Q’s marks are 64, only then second hint would get satisfied.
R’s marks could be 22 less than that of Q or more than.

 Students Case-1 Case-2 Marks Marks Q 64 64 P R 42 86

Reference:

T’s marks are half of the marks secured by R.

Inference:

With respect to the first hint it is clear that S received the lowest and U received the second lowest marks.
T’s marks were less than that of R and we know that P and Q received second and third highest marks respectively.

__ > P > Q > T > U > S

Thus the only left person R must have got the highest marks. With this we can say that Case-1 fails.

 Students Case-1 [Eliminated] Case-2 Marks Marks Q 64 64 P R 42 86 T 43 U S 23

Reference:

U’s marks were 7 more than the difference between the marks secured by T and S.
The sum of the marks secured by all the students was 320.

Inference:

As per first hint, the marks secured by U are 27.
At present the sum of marks obtained by all the students except P is 243.
So the marks obtained by P is 320 – 243 = 77.

 Students Case-2 Marks Q 64 P 77 R 86 T 43 U 27 S 23

2
Which of the following is true?
» Explain it
C
U received 27 marks, which is a perfect cube of 3.

Hence option C is correct.

Final Schedule:

 Students Case-2 Marks Q 64 P 77 R 86 T 43 U 27 S 23

Common Explanation:

Reference:

The maximum marks were 100 and no student obtained full marks.
P’s marks were just higher than that of Q, whose marks are perfect cube.
Only two students got higher marks than Q.

Inference:

With the first hint it is clear that even the person securing highest marks did not get 100 marks.
With respect to second and third hints it is clear that Q received the third highest marks and P received the second highest marks.
The possible marks for Q are 8, 27 and 64.

Reference:

The difference between the marks of R and Q is 22.
R’s marks are in even number.

Inference:

With the given hints it is clear that Q’s marks are 64, only then second hint would get satisfied.
R’s marks could be 22 less than that of Q or more than.

 Students Case-1 Case-2 Marks Marks Q 64 64 P R 42 86

Reference:

T’s marks are half of the marks secured by R.

Inference:

With respect to the first hint it is clear that S received the lowest and U received the second lowest marks.
T’s marks were less than that of R and we know that P and Q received second and third highest marks respectively.

__ > P > Q > T > U > S

Thus the only left person R must have got the highest marks. With this we can say that Case-1 fails.

 Students Case-1 [Eliminated] Case-2 Marks Marks Q 64 64 P R 42 86 T 43 U S 23

Reference:

U’s marks were 7 more than the difference between the marks secured by T and S.
The sum of the marks secured by all the students was 320.

Inference:

As per first hint, the marks secured by U are 27.
At present the sum of marks obtained by all the students except P is 243.
So the marks obtained by P is 320 – 243 = 77.

 Students Case-2 Marks Q 64 P 77 R 86 T 43 U 27 S 23

3
Which of the following combinations is wrongly matched?
» Explain it
A
U - 25 is the wrongly matched combination.

Hence option A is correct.

Final Schedule:

 Students Case-2 Marks Q 64 P 77 R 86 T 43 U 27 S 23

Common Explanation:

Reference:

The maximum marks were 100 and no student obtained full marks.
P’s marks were just higher than that of Q, whose marks are perfect cube.
Only two students got higher marks than Q.

Inference:

With the first hint it is clear that even the person securing highest marks did not get 100 marks.
With respect to second and third hints it is clear that Q received the third highest marks and P received the second highest marks.
The possible marks for Q are 8, 27 and 64.

Reference:

The difference between the marks of R and Q is 22.
R’s marks are in even number.

Inference:

With the given hints it is clear that Q’s marks are 64, only then second hint would get satisfied.
R’s marks could be 22 less than that of Q or more than.

 Students Case-1 Case-2 Marks Marks Q 64 64 P R 42 86

Reference:

T’s marks are half of the marks secured by R.

Inference:

With respect to the first hint it is clear that S received the lowest and U received the second lowest marks.
T’s marks were less than that of R and we know that P and Q received second and third highest marks respectively.

__ > P > Q > T > U > S

Thus the only left person R must have got the highest marks. With this we can say that Case-1 fails.

 Students Case-1 [Eliminated] Case-2 Marks Marks Q 64 64 P R 42 86 T 43 U S 23

Reference:

U’s marks were 7 more than the difference between the marks secured by T and S.
The sum of the marks secured by all the students was 320.

Inference:

As per first hint, the marks secured by U are 27.
At present the sum of marks obtained by all the students except P is 243.
So the marks obtained by P is 320 – 243 = 77.

 Students Case-2 Marks Q 64 P 77 R 86 T 43 U 27 S 23

4
What is the difference between the marks of the students who obatined highest and third lowest marks?
» Explain it
D
The difference between the marks of the students who obatined highest and third lowest marks is 43.

Hence option D is correct.

Final Schedule:

 Students Case-2 Marks Q 64 P 77 R 86 T 43 U 27 S 23

Common Explanation:

Reference:

The maximum marks were 100 and no student obtained full marks.
P’s marks were just higher than that of Q, whose marks are perfect cube.
Only two students got higher marks than Q.

Inference:

With the first hint it is clear that even the person securing highest marks did not get 100 marks.
With respect to second and third hints it is clear that Q received the third highest marks and P received the second highest marks.
The possible marks for Q are 8, 27 and 64.

Reference:

The difference between the marks of R and Q is 22.
R’s marks are in even number.

Inference:

With the given hints it is clear that Q’s marks are 64, only then second hint would get satisfied.
R’s marks could be 22 less than that of Q or more than.

 Students Case-1 Case-2 Marks Marks Q 64 64 P R 42 86

Reference:

T’s marks are half of the marks secured by R.

Inference:

With respect to the first hint it is clear that S received the lowest and U received the second lowest marks.
T’s marks were less than that of R and we know that P and Q received second and third highest marks respectively.

__ > P > Q > T > U > S

Thus the only left person R must have got the highest marks. With this we can say that Case-1 fails.

 Students Case-1 [Eliminated] Case-2 Marks Marks Q 64 64 P R 42 86 T 43 U S 23

Reference:

U’s marks were 7 more than the difference between the marks secured by T and S.
The sum of the marks secured by all the students was 320.

Inference:

As per first hint, the marks secured by U are 27.
At present the sum of marks obtained by all the students except P is 243.
So the marks obtained by P is 320 – 243 = 77.

 Students Case-2 Marks Q 64 P 77 R 86 T 43 U 27 S 23

5
Four of the following five are alike in a certain way and thus form a group. Which of the following does not belong to the group?
» Explain it
E
Q is the odd one out because marks received by Q is even number.

Hence option E is correct.

Final Schedule:

 Students Case-2 Marks Q 64 P 77 R 86 T 43 U 27 S 23

Common Explanation:

Reference:

The maximum marks were 100 and no student obtained full marks.
P’s marks were just higher than that of Q, whose marks are perfect cube.
Only two students got higher marks than Q.

Inference:

With the first hint it is clear that even the person securing highest marks did not get 100 marks.
With respect to second and third hints it is clear that Q received the third highest marks and P received the second highest marks.
The possible marks for Q are 8, 27 and 64.

Reference:

The difference between the marks of R and Q is 22.
R’s marks are in even number.

Inference:

With the given hints it is clear that Q’s marks are 64, only then second hint would get satisfied.
R’s marks could be 22 less than that of Q or more than.

 Students Case-1 Case-2 Marks Marks Q 64 64 P R 42 86

Reference:

T’s marks are half of the marks secured by R.

Inference:

With respect to the first hint it is clear that S received the lowest and U received the second lowest marks.
T’s marks were less than that of R and we know that P and Q received second and third highest marks respectively.

__ > P > Q > T > U > S

Thus the only left person R must have got the highest marks. With this we can say that Case-1 fails.

 Students Case-1 [Eliminated] Case-2 Marks Marks Q 64 64 P R 42 86 T 43 U S 23

Reference:

U’s marks were 7 more than the difference between the marks secured by T and S.
The sum of the marks secured by all the students was 320.

Inference:

As per first hint, the marks secured by U are 27.
At present the sum of marks obtained by all the students except P is 243.
So the marks obtained by P is 320 – 243 = 77.

 Students Case-2 Marks Q 64 P 77 R 86 T 43 U 27 S 23