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Reasoning Puzzle Set No 21 Directions: Read the following information carefully and answer the questions as follows.

Four persons participated with their cars in a car race. The colour and brand of each of the cars is different. Those colours are White, Black, Red and Brown and the brands are - Benz, Hyundai, Maruti and Toyota. The persons mentioned got four Prizes I, II, III and IV where I Prize is for the best performance in the race.

(i) The colour of Modi’s car is not Red.
(ii) Toyota, which is not white, got either first position or the last position in the Car race.
(iii) Amit’s car got one position ahead of Modi’s but one position below the black Car.
(iv) Arvind’s car was positioned just above Maruti, but was just below the white car.
(v) Arvind’s car is not Hyundai. Maruti, who is the friend of Arvind, was also one of the participants in the race.
 
1
Whose car won the first Prize?
» Explain it
A
By referring to the final chart, we get

 Position   Person   Car   Colour 
I Maruti  Hyundai  White
II Arvind Benz Black
III Amit Maruti Red
IV Modi Toyota  Brown

We can clearly observe from the chart that Maruti`s car won the first prize.

Option A is hence the correct answer.

Common Explanation:

Step 1.

References

Point(3) Amit’s car got one position above Modi’s but one below of the black car.
Point(4) Arvind’s car was positioned just above Maruti, but was just below the white car.


 Position   Person     Car     Colour 
I      
II Amit    
III Arvind    
IV      
(A)
  
 Position   Person     Car     Colour 
I      
II Arvind    
III Amit    
IV      
(B)

Step 2.

References

Point(3) Amit’s car got one position above Modi’s but one below of the black car.

Arrangement (A) hence gets eliminated and we can continue with the arrangement (B).

 Position   Person     Car      Colour 
I      
II Arvind   Black
III Amit    
IV Modi    

Step 3.

References

Point(4) Arvind’s car was positioned just above Maruti, but was just below the white car.

 Position   Person     Car     Colour 
I     White
II Arvind   Black
III Amit Maruti  
IV Modi    

Step 4.

References

Point(1) The colour of Modi’s car is not Red.

 Position   Person   Horse   Colour 
I     White
II Arvind   Black
III Amit Maruti Red
IV Modi   Brown

Step 5.

References

Point(2) Toyota, which is not white, got either first position or the last position in the car race.
Point(5) Arvind’s car is not Hyundai. Maruti, who is the friend of Arvind, was also one of the participants in the race.


 Position   Person   Car   Colour 
I Maruti  Hyundai  White
II Arvind Benz Black
III Amit Maruti Red
IV Modi Toyota  Brown


» Explain it
C
By referring to the final chart, we get

 Position   Person   Car   Colour 
I Maruti  Hyundai  White
II Arvind Benz Black
III Amit Maruti Red
IV Modi Toyota  Brown

We can clearly observe from the chart that Amit owns Maruti.

Option C is hence the correct answer.

Common Explanation:

Step 1.

References

Point(3) Amit’s car got one position above Modi’s but one below of the black car.
Point(4) Arvind’s car was positioned just above Maruti, but was just below the white car.


 Position   Person     Car     Colour 
I      
II Amit    
III Arvind    
IV      
(A)
  
 Position   Person     Car     Colour 
I      
II Arvind    
III Amit    
IV      
(B)

Step 2.

References

Point(3) Amit’s car got one position above Modi’s but one below of the black car.

Arrangement (A) hence gets eliminated and we can continue with the arrangement (B).

 Position   Person     Car      Colour 
I      
II Arvind   Black
III Amit    
IV Modi    

Step 3.

References

Point(4) Arvind’s car was positioned just above Maruti, but was just below the white car.

 Position   Person     Car     Colour 
I     White
II Arvind   Black
III Amit Maruti  
IV Modi    

Step 4.

References

Point(1) The colour of Modi’s car is not Red.

 Position   Person   Horse   Colour 
I     White
II Arvind   Black
III Amit Maruti Red
IV Modi   Brown

Step 5.

References

Point(2) Toyota, which is not white, got either first position or the last position in the car race.
Point(5) Arvind’s car is not Hyundai. Maruti, who is the friend of Arvind, was also one of the participants in the race.


 Position   Person   Car   Colour 
I Maruti  Hyundai  White
II Arvind Benz Black
III Amit Maruti Red
IV Modi Toyota  Brown


3
Which of the following depicts the colour of Modi’s car?
» Explain it
D
By referring to the final chart, we get

 Position   Person   Car   Colour 
I Maruti  Hyundai  White
II Arvind Benz Black
III Amit Maruti Red
IV Modi Toyota  Brown

We can clearly observe from the chart that Modi`s car colour is Brown.

Option D is hence the correct answer.

Common Explanation:

Step 1.

References

Point(3) Amit’s car got one position above Modi’s but one below of the black car.
Point(4) Arvind’s car was positioned just above Maruti, but was just below the white car.


 Position   Person     Car     Colour 
I      
II Amit    
III Arvind    
IV      
(A)
  
 Position   Person     Car     Colour 
I      
II Arvind    
III Amit    
IV      
(B)

Step 2.

References

Point(3) Amit’s car got one position above Modi’s but one below of the black car.

Arrangement (A) hence gets eliminated and we can continue with the arrangement (B).

 Position   Person     Car      Colour 
I      
II Arvind   Black
III Amit    
IV Modi    

Step 3.

References

Point(4) Arvind’s car was positioned just above Maruti, but was just below the white car.

 Position   Person     Car     Colour 
I     White
II Arvind   Black
III Amit Maruti  
IV Modi    

Step 4.

References

Point(1) The colour of Modi’s car is not Red.

 Position   Person   Horse   Colour 
I     White
II Arvind   Black
III Amit Maruti Red
IV Modi   Brown

Step 5.

References

Point(2) Toyota, which is not white, got either first position or the last position in the car race.
Point(5) Arvind’s car is not Hyundai. Maruti, who is the friend of Arvind, was also one of the participants in the race.


 Position   Person   Car   Colour 
I Maruti  Hyundai  White
II Arvind Benz Black
III Amit Maruti Red
IV Modi Toyota  Brown


4
Which of the following cars won the Second Prize?
» Explain it
C
By referring to the final chart, we get

 Position   Person   Car   Colour 
I Maruti  Hyundai  White
II Arvind Benz Black
III Amit Maruti Red
IV Modi Toyota  Brown

We can clearly observe from the chart that Benz won the Second Prize.

Option C is hence the correct answer.

Common Explanation:

Step 1.

References

Point(3) Amit’s car got one position above Modi’s but one below of the black car.
Point(4) Arvind’s car was positioned just above Maruti, but was just below the white car.


 Position   Person     Car     Colour 
I      
II Amit    
III Arvind    
IV      
(A)
  
 Position   Person     Car     Colour 
I      
II Arvind    
III Amit    
IV      
(B)

Step 2.

References

Point(3) Amit’s car got one position above Modi’s but one below of the black car.

Arrangement (A) hence gets eliminated and we can continue with the arrangement (B).

 Position   Person     Car      Colour 
I      
II Arvind   Black
III Amit    
IV Modi    

Step 3.

References

Point(4) Arvind’s car was positioned just above Maruti, but was just below the white car.

 Position   Person     Car     Colour 
I     White
II Arvind   Black
III Amit Maruti  
IV Modi    

Step 4.

References

Point(1) The colour of Modi’s car is not Red.

 Position   Person   Horse   Colour 
I     White
II Arvind   Black
III Amit Maruti Red
IV Modi   Brown

Step 5.

References

Point(2) Toyota, which is not white, got either first position or the last position in the car race.
Point(5) Arvind’s car is not Hyundai. Maruti, who is the friend of Arvind, was also one of the participants in the race.


 Position   Person   Car   Colour 
I Maruti  Hyundai  White
II Arvind Benz Black
III Amit Maruti Red
IV Modi Toyota  Brown


» Explain it
D
By referring to the final chart, we get

 Position   Person   Car   Colour 
I Maruti  Hyundai  White
II Arvind Benz Black
III Amit Maruti Red
IV Modi Toyota  Brown

We can clearly observe from the chart that Maruti`s car is White.

Option D is hence the correct answer.

Common Explanation:

Step 1.

References

Point(3) Amit’s car got one position above Modi’s but one below of the black car.
Point(4) Arvind’s car was positioned just above Maruti, but was just below the white car.


 Position   Person     Car     Colour 
I      
II Amit    
III Arvind    
IV      
(A)
  
 Position   Person     Car     Colour 
I      
II Arvind    
III Amit    
IV      
(B)

Step 2.

References

Point(3) Amit’s car got one position above Modi’s but one below of the black car.

Arrangement (A) hence gets eliminated and we can continue with the arrangement (B).

 Position   Person     Car      Colour 
I      
II Arvind   Black
III Amit    
IV Modi    

Step 3.

References

Point(4) Arvind’s car was positioned just above Maruti, but was just below the white car.

 Position   Person     Car     Colour 
I     White
II Arvind   Black
III Amit Maruti  
IV Modi    

Step 4.

References

Point(1) The colour of Modi’s car is not Red.

 Position   Person   Horse   Colour 
I     White
II Arvind   Black
III Amit Maruti Red
IV Modi   Brown

Step 5.

References

Point(2) Toyota, which is not white, got either first position or the last position in the car race.
Point(5) Arvind’s car is not Hyundai. Maruti, who is the friend of Arvind, was also one of the participants in the race.


 Position   Person   Car   Colour 
I Maruti  Hyundai  White
II Arvind Benz Black
III Amit Maruti Red
IV Modi Toyota  Brown